HANDBOOK of PSYCHOLOGY VOLUME 11 FORENSIC PSYCHOLOGY Alan M. Goldstein Volume Editor Irving B. Weiner Editor-in-Chief John Wiley & Sons, Inc. HANDBOOK of PSYCHOLOGY HANDBOOK of PSYCHOLOGY VOLUME 11 FORENSIC PSYCHOLOGY Alan M. Goldstein Volume Editor Irving B. Weiner Editor-in-Chief John Wiley & Sons, Inc. This book is printed on acid-free paper.➇ Copyright ©2003 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey. All rights reserved. Published simultaneously in Canada. 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Includes bibliographical references and indexes. Contents: v. 1. History of psychology / edited by Donald K. Freedheim — v. 2. Research methods in psychology / edited by John A. Schinka, Wayne F. Velicer — v. 3. Biological psychology / edited by Michela Gallagher, Randy J. Nelson — v. 4. Experimental psychology / edited by Alice F. Healy, Robert W. Proctor — v. 5. Personality and social psychology / edited by Theodore Millon, Melvin J. Lerner — v. 6. Developmental psychology / edited by Richard M. Lerner, M. Ann Easterbrooks, Jayanthi Mistry — v. 7. Educational psychology / edited by William M. Reynolds, Gloria E. Miller — v. 8. Clinical psychology / edited by George Stricker, Thomas A. Widiger — v. 9. Health psychology / edited by Arthur M. Nezu, Christine Maguth Nezu, Pamela A. Geller — v. 10. Assessment psychology / edited by John R. Graham, Jack A. Naglieri — v. 11. Forensic psychology / edited by Alan M. Goldstein — v. 12. Industrial and organizational psychology / edited by Walter C. Borman, Daniel R. Ilgen, Richard J. Klimoski. ISBN 0-471-17669-9 (set) — ISBN 0-471-38320-1 (cloth : alk. paper : v. 1) — ISBN 0-471-38513-1 (cloth : alk. paper : v. 2) — ISBN 0-471-38403-8 (cloth : alk. paper : v. 3) — ISBN 0-471-39262-6 (cloth : alk. paper : v. 4) — ISBN 0-471-38404-6 (cloth : alk. paper : v. 5) — ISBN 0-471-38405-4 (cloth : alk. paper : v. 6) — ISBN 0-471-38406-2 (cloth : alk. paper : v. 7) — ISBN 0-471-39263-4 (cloth : alk. paper : v. 8) — ISBN 0-471-38514-X (cloth : alk. paper : v. 9) — ISBN 0-471-38407-0 (cloth : alk. paper : v. 10) — ISBN 0-471-38321-X (cloth : alk. paper : v. 11) — ISBN 0-471-38408-9 (cloth : alk. paper : v. 12) 1. Psychology. I. Weiner, Irving B. BF121.H1955 2003 150—dc21 2002066380 Printed in the United States of America. 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 Editorial Board Volume 1 Volume 5 Volume 9 History of Psychology Personality and Social Psychology Health Psychology Donald K. Freedheim, PhD Theodore Millon, PhD Arthur M. Nezu, PhD Case Western Reserve University Institute for Advanced Studies in Christine Maguth Nezu, PhD Cleveland, Ohio Personology and Psychopathology Pamela A. Geller, PhD Coral Gables, Florida Drexel University Melvin J. Lerner, PhD Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Volume 2 Florida Atlantic University Research Methods in Psychology Boca Raton, Florida Volume 10 Assessment Psychology John A. Schinka, PhD University of South Florida Volume 6 John R. Graham, PhD Tampa, Florida Developmental Psychology Kent State University Kent, Ohio Wayne F. Velicer, PhD Richard M. Lerner, PhD University of Rhode Island M. Ann Easterbrooks, PhD Jack A. Naglieri, PhD Kingston, Rhode Island Jayanthi Mistry, PhD George Mason University Fairfax, Virginia Tufts University Medford, Massachusetts Volume 11 Volume 3 Forensic Psychology Biological Psychology Volume 7 Educational Psychology Alan M. Goldstein, PhD Michela Gallagher, PhD John Jay College of Criminal Johns Hopkins University William M. Reynolds, PhD Justice–CUNY Baltimore, Maryland Humboldt State University New York, New York Arcata, California Randy J. Nelson, PhD Ohio State University Gloria E. Miller, PhD Volume 12 Columbus, Ohio University of Denver Industrial and Organizational Psychology Denver, Colorado Walter C. Borman, PhD Volume 4 Volume 8 University of South Florida Experimental Psychology Clinical Psychology Tampa, Florida Alice F. Healy, PhD George Stricker, PhD Daniel R. Ilgen, PhD University of Colorado Adelphi University Michigan State University Boulder, Colorado Garden City, New York East Lansing, Michigan Robert W. Proctor, PhD Thomas A. Widiger, PhD Richard J. Klimoski, PhD Purdue University University of Kentucky George Mason University West Lafayette, Indiana Lexington, Kentucky Fairfax, Virginia v To the three most important people in my life: Paula, Naomi, and Marion. Each day you bring joy to my life and to those whose lives you touch.