Architect Drawings - A Selection of Sketches by World Famous Architects Through History PDF
Preview Architect Drawings - A Selection of Sketches by World Famous Architects Through History
H5719-Prelims.qxd 7/18/05 7:35 PM Page i ARCHITECTS’ DRAWINGS This page intentionally left blank H5719-Prelims.qxd 7/18/05 7:35 PM Page iii A RC H I T E C T S ’ D R AW I N G S A Selection of Sketches by World Famous Architects Through History KENDRA SCHANK SMITH AMSTERDAM (cid:127) BOSTON (cid:127) HEIDELBERG (cid:127) LONDON (cid:127) NEW YORK (cid:127) OXFORD PARIS (cid:127) SAN DIEGO (cid:127) SAN FRANCISCO (cid:127) SINGAPORE (cid:127) SYDNEY (cid:127) TOKYO Architectural Press is an imprint of Elsevier H5719-Prelims.qxd 7/18/05 7:35 PM Page iv Architectural Press An imprint of Elsevier Linacre House, Jordan Hill, Oxford OX2 8DP 30 Corporate Drive, Burlington, MA 01803 First published 2005 Copyright © Elsevier Ltd., 2005. All rights reserved No part of this publication may be reproduced in any material form (including photocopying or storing in any medium by electronic means and whether or not transiently or incidentally to some other use of this publication) without the written permission of the copyright holder except in accordance with the provisions of the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988 or under the terms of a licence issued by the Copyright Licensing Agency Ltd, 90 Tottenham Court Road, London, England WIT 4LP. Applications for the copyright holder’s written permission to reproduce any part of this publication should be addressed to the publishers Permissions may be sought directly from Elsevier’s Science and Technology Rights Department in Oxford, UK: phone: ((cid:1)44) (0) 1865 843830; fax: ((cid:1)44) (0) 1865 853333; e-mail: [email protected] You may also complete your request on-line via the Elsevier homepage (http://www.elsevier.com), by selecting ‘Customer Support’ and then ‘Obtaining Permissions’ British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library ISBN 0 7506 57197 For information about all Architectural Press publications visit our website at http://books.elsevier.com/architecturalpress Typeset by Charon Tec Pvt. Ltd, Chennai, India www.charontec.com Printed and bound in Great Britain H5719-Prelims.qxd 7/18/05 7:35 PM Page v C O N T E N T S Acknowledgements vii List of Illustrations ix Introduction 1 Chapter 1 Renaissance (1500–1650) 19 Chapter 2 Baroque, French Classicism and Rococo (1650–1750) 46 Chapter 3 Neoclassical, Neogothic, Beaux-Arts (1750–1870) 70 Chapter 4 American Neoclassicism and the Emergence of the Skyscraper (1870–1920) 97 Chapter 5 The Turn of the Century Europe and its Influences, Prelude to Modernism (1870–1910) 111 Chapter 6 Early Modern (1910–1930) 141 Chapter 7 Modern and Postmodern (1930–1980) 164 Chapter 8 Contemporary (1980–) 207 Index 261 This page intentionally left blank H5719-Prelims.qxd 7/18/05 7:35 PM Page vii AC K NOW L E D G E M E N T S This book was supported by a grant from the Graham Foundation for Advanced Studies in the Fine Arts. I would also like to thank the University of Utah for supporting this project through a University Faculty Research Grant and the approval of a sabbatical leave. I would like to offer my appreciation to the many people who helped prepare this book for publication. This includes the many archivists who sent copies of the illustrations, helped arrange copyright permissions, and graciously accommodated my visits. My thanks goes to the numerous friends and colleagues who provided suggestions and helped me make initial contacts, I truly appreciate your interest in this project. Professor Uchida and the independ- ent researcher So Hatano, of the Tokyo Institute of Technology, were especially helpful in locating images from the historic Japanese architects. To all the contemporary architects who graciously sent their sketches for inclusion in this volume, I offer my appreciation. I would like to thank the students at the College of Architecture(cid:1)Planning, University of Utah, who helped me translate correspondence. Ben Lawrence was particularly talented in editing the text for consistency and grammar, thanks for your candid questioning. I would like to recognize the Undergraduate Research Opportunities Program students, James Gosney and Antonia Vazquez, who helped begin the initial research of architects and archives. My heartfelt thanks to my Graduate Assistant, Brenda Roberts, who catalogued research materials, scanned images, coordinated correspondence, reviewed the text, and generally helped in many ways for over a year. I appreciate your cheerful attitude. Thank you for your patience and incredibly charming correspondence. I would like to thank Dr. Marco Frascari for his insightful advice throughout the years. To my family who always believed in this project, I appreciate your support. Most of all, I would like to thank my husband Albert C. Smith, for his encouragement and consistent faith that this book would happen. This page intentionally left blank H5719-Prelims.qxd 7/18/05 7:35 PM Page ix I L L U S T R AT I O N S Figure 1.1 / Bramante, Donato Untitled. Uffizi, UFF 1714 A. Approx. 15.5 (cid:2) 16.6 cm; ink on paper. ©Uffizi Gallery, Florence, Italy. Figure 1.2 / da Vinci, Leonardo Codex Atlanticus, studies for the tiburio of Milan Cathedral. Biblioteca Ambrosiana, f. 851 recto. 28.2(cid:2) 23.7 cm; ink; c. 1487. ©Biblioteca Ambrosiana, Milan, Italy. Figure 1.3 / Peruzzi, Baldassare Study of a sepulchre. Uffizi, UFF 159 A. 12(cid:2) 13 cm; brown ink and wash. ©Uffizi Gallery, Florence, Italy. Figure 1.4 / da Sangallo, Antonio Design for a freestanding tomb seen in elevation and plan. Uffizi, UFF 1153 A.v. 11.1 (cid:2) 15.5 cm; Pen and brown ink, brush and brown wash, on tan laid paper; 1484–1546. ©Uffizi Gallery, Florence, Italy. Figure 1.5 / Buonarroti, Michelangelo Base/molding profile studies for San Lorenzo (Basi di pilastro per la Sagrestia Nuova, scritte autografe). Fondazione Casa Buonarroti, 10 A recto. 28.3 (cid:2) 21.4 cm; red chalk, pen and ink; c. 1520–1525. ©Fondazione Casa Buonarroti, Florence, Italy. Figure 1.6 / de L’Orme, Philibert Heliocoidal staircase in perspective. Musée du Louvre, INV 11114, recto (ART157963). 38.2 (cid:2) 24.3 cm; brown ink, black lead, feather pen; c. 1505–1568. ©Musée du Louvre, Départment des Arts & Graphiques. Photo credit: Réunion des Musées, Nationaux/Art Resources, NY. Figure 1.7 / da Vignola, Giacomo Barozzi Elevation, sections sketch page. Uffizi, UFF 96 A.v. 30 (cid:2) 44.5 cm; ink and wash. ©Uffizi Gallery, Florence, Italy. Figure 1.8 / Palladio, Andrea Sketch page for the Baths of Agippa, and Hadrian’s Villa, Tivoli. RIBA, VII/6R verso. Approx. 7(cid:2) 10 in; ink on paper. ©RIBA Library Drawings Collection, London, England. Figure 1.9 / Scamozzi, Vincenzo Study sketch of column capitals. Uffizi, UFF 1806 A.v. Ink, wash and graphite. ©Uffizi Gallery, Florence, Italy. Figure 1.10 / Jones, Inigo Studies of voussoired windows, after Serlio. RIBA, Jones & Webb 76, 77, 78. #76: 16.7 (cid:2) 16.5 cm; #77: 8.2(cid:2) 19.8 cm; #78: 28(cid:2) 19.1 cm; graphite, pen and brown ink with brown wash over scorelines; 1618. ©RIBA Library Drawings Collection, London, England.