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The Psychology of Personnel Selection PDF

302 Pages·2010·1.65 MB·English
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This page intentionally left blank The Psychology of Personnel Selection Thisengagingandthought-provokingtextintroducesthemaintechniques, theories,researchanddebatesinpersonnelselection,helpingstudentsand practitionerstoidentifythemajorpredictorsofjobperformanceaswellas themostsuitablemethodsforassessingthem.TomasChamorro-Premuzic andAdrianFurnhamprovideacomprehensive,criticalandup-to-datereview oftheconstructsweuseinassessingpeople–intelligence,personality,cre- ativity, leadership and talent – and explore how these help us to predict differencesinindividuals’performance.Coveringselectiontechniquessuch asinterviews,references,biographicaldata,judgementtestsandacademic performance,ThePsychologyofPersonnelSelectionprovidesalivelydis- cussionofboththetheorybehindtheuseofsuchtechniquesandtheevidence fortheir usefulness and validity. The Psychology of Personnel Selection is essentialreadingforstudentsofpsychology,businessstudies,management andhumanresources,aswellasforanyoneinvolvedinselectionandassess- mentatwork. tomas chamorro-premuzic is a senior lecturer at Goldsmiths, research fellow at UCL, and visiting professor at NYU in London. He isaworld-renownedexpertinpersonality,intelligenceandpsychometrics, and makes frequent media appearances providing psychological expertise ontheseissues. adrian furnham is Professor of Psychology at UCL. He is also a consultant on organisational behaviour and management, and a writer and broadcaster. His columns have appeared in management magazines such asMasteringManagementandHumanResources,aswellastheFinancial Times,SundayTimesandDailyTelegraph. The Psychology of Personnel Selection Tomas Chamorro-Premuzic Adrian Furnham CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS Cambridge, New York, Melbourne, Madrid, Cape Town, Singapore, São Paulo, Delhi, Dubai, Tokyo Cambridge University Press The Edinburgh Building, Cambridge CB2 8RU, UK Published in the United States of America by Cambridge University Press, New York www.cambridge.org Information on this title: www.cambridge.org/9780521868297 © Tomas Chamorro-Premuzic and Adrian Furnham 2010 This publication is in copyright. Subject to statutory exception and to the provision of relevant collective licensing agreements, no reproduction of any part may take place without the written permission of Cambridge University Press. First published in print format 2010 ISBN-13 978-0-511-77005-0 eBook (NetLibrary) ISBN-13 978-0-521-86829-7 Hardback ISBN-13 978-0-521-68787-4 Paperback Cambridge University Press has no responsibility for the persistence or accuracy of urls for external or third-party internet websites referred to in this publication, and does not guarantee that any content on such websites is, or will remain, accurate or appropriate. Formyfather,inthehopethathesurvivesthisandmanylatereditions –TC-P ForAlison,whoisparticularlytalentedatpersonnelselection –AF Contents Listofboxes pageviii Listoffigures ix Listoftables xiii Prologueandacknowledgements xv Part1: Methodsofpersonnelselection 1 1 Early,unscientificmethods 3 2 Theinterview 30 3 Lettersofrecommendation 52 4 Biodata 62 5 SituationaljudgementtestsandGPA 75 Part2: Constructsforpersonnelselection 93 6 Generalmentalability 95 7 Personalitytraits 124 8 Creativity 175 9 Leadership 191 10 Talent 216 References 235 Index 278 vii Boxes 2.1 Aspectsofthecandidateassessedinaninterview page38 5.1 SJTsampleitemor‘scenario’ 76 5.2 Summaryof1920s–2000sresearchonSJTs 76 5.3 SJTscoringmethods 77 7.1 Situationalism:underminingpersonalitytraits 131 7.2 Noaversiveimpact 133 7.3 Thepolygraphandthequestforanobjectivepersonalitytest 159 7.4 Theftestimatesintheworkplace 162 10.1 Howdoyouidentifyyourcriticaltalent? 220 10.2 Performance/promotabilitymatrix 223 10.3 Factorscontributingtohigh-flyerperformance 227 viii

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