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Photoshop for Dummies PDF

778 Pages·2010·35.44 MB·English
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Making Everything Easier!™ P h o t o s h o p® C S5 A L L - I N - O N E 9 BBOOOOKKSS 1 IN (cid:129) Photoshop Fundamentals (cid:129) Image Essentials (cid:129) Selections (cid:129) Painting, Drawing, and Typing (cid:129) Working with Layers (cid:129) Channels and Masks (cid:129) Filters and Distortions (cid:129) Retouching and Restoration (cid:129) Photoshop and Print IN FULL COLOR! Barbara Obermeier Get More and Do More at Dummies.com ® Start with FREE Cheat Sheets Cheat Sheets include (cid:129) Checklists (cid:129) Charts (cid:129) Common Instructions (cid:129) And Other Good Stuff! To access the Cheat Sheet created specifically for this book, go to www.dummies.com/cheatsheet/photoshopcs5aio Get Smart at Dummies.com Dummies.com makes your life easier with 1,000s of answers on everything from removing wallpaper to using the latest version of Windows. Check out our (cid:129) Videos (cid:129) Illustrated Articles (cid:129) Step-by-Step Instructions Plus, each month you can win valuable prizes by entering our Dummies.com sweepstakes. * Want a weekly dose of Dummies? Sign up for Newsletters on (cid:129) Digital Photography (cid:129) Microsoft Windows & Office (cid:129) Personal Finance & Investing (cid:129) Health & Wellness (cid:129) Computing, iPods & Cell Phones (cid:129) eBay (cid:129) Internet (cid:129) Food, Home & Garden Find out “HOW” at Dummies.com *Sweepstakes not currently available in all countries; visit Dummies.com for official rules. Photoshop CS5 ® ALL-IN-ONE FOR DUMmIES ‰ by Barbara Obermeier Photoshop® CS5 All-in-One For Dummies® Published by Wiley Publishing, Inc. 111 River Street Hoboken, NJ 07030-5774 www.wiley.com Copyright © 2010 by Wiley Publishing, Inc., Indianapolis, Indiana Published by Wiley Publishing, Inc., Indianapolis, Indiana Published simultaneously in Canada No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, scanning or otherwise, except as permit- ted under Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act, without either the prior written permission of the Publisher, or authorization through payment of the appropriate per-copy fee to the Copyright Clearance Center, 222 Rosewood Drive, Danvers, MA 01923, (978) 750-8400, fax (978) 646-8600. Requests to the Publisher for permission should be addressed to the Permissions Department, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 111 River Street, Hoboken, NJ 07030, (201) 748-6011, fax (201) 748-6008, or online at http:// www.wiley.com/go/permissions. Trademarks: Wiley, the Wiley Publishing logo, For Dummies, the Dummies Man logo, A Reference for the Rest of Us!, The Dummies Way, Dummies Daily, The Fun and Easy Way, Dummies.com, Making Everything Easier, and related trade dress are trademarks or registered trademarks of John Wiley & Sons, Inc. and/or its affi liates in the United States and other countries, and may not be used without written permission. Photoshop is a registered trademark of Adobe Systems, Inc. All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners. Wiley Publishing, Inc., is not associated with any product or vendor mentioned in this book. LIMIT OF LIABILITY/DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTY: THE PUBLISHER AND THE AUTHOR MAKE NO REPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES WITH RESPECT TO THE ACCURACY OR COMPLETENESS OF THE CONTENTS OF THIS WORK AND SPECIFICALLY DISCLAIM ALL WARRANTIES, INCLUDING WITH- OUT LIMITATION WARRANTIES OF FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. NO WARRANTY MAY BE CREATED OR EXTENDED BY SALES OR PROMOTIONAL MATERIALS. THE ADVICE AND STRATEGIES CONTAINED HEREIN MAY NOT BE SUITABLE FOR EVERY SITUATION. THIS WORK IS SOLD WITH THE UNDERSTANDING THAT THE PUBLISHER IS NOT ENGAGED IN RENDERING LEGAL, ACCOUNTING, OR OTHER PROFESSIONAL SERVICES. IF PROFESSIONAL ASSISTANCE IS REQUIRED, THE SERVICES OF A COMPETENT PROFESSIONAL PERSON SHOULD BE SOUGHT. NEITHER THE PUBLISHER NOR THE AUTHOR SHALL BE LIABLE FOR DAMAGES ARISING HEREFROM. THE FACT THAT AN ORGANIZATION OR WEBSITE IS REFERRED TO IN THIS WORK AS A CITATION AND/OR A POTENTIAL SOURCE OF FUR- THER INFORMATION DOES NOT MEAN THAT THE AUTHOR OR THE PUBLISHER ENDORSES THE INFOR- MATION THE ORGANIZATION OR WEBSITE MAY PROVIDE OR RECOMMENDATIONS IT MAY MAKE. FURTHER, READERS SHOULD BE AWARE THAT INTERNET WEBSITES LISTED IN THIS WORK MAY HAVE CHANGED OR DISAPPEARED BETWEEN WHEN THIS WORK WAS WRITTEN AND WHEN IT IS READ. For general information on our other products and services, please contact our Customer Care Department within the U.S. at 877-762-2974, outside the U.S. at 317-572-3993, or fax 317-572-4002. For technical support, please visit www.wiley.com/techsupport. Wiley also publishes its books in a variety of electronic formats. Some content that appears in print may not be available in electronic books. Library of Congress Control Number: 2010925703 ISBN: 978-0-470-60821-0 Manufactured in the United States of America 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 About the Author Barbara Obermeier is principal of Obermeier Design, a graphic design studio in Ventura, California. She’s the author or co-author of over 19 publications, including Photoshop Elements 8 For Dummies, How-to-Wow with Illustrator, and Digital Photography Just the Steps For Dummies, 2nd Edition. Barb also teaches graphic design at Brooks Institute. Dedication I would like to dedicate this book to Gary, Kylie, and Lucky, who constantly remind me of what’s really important in life. Author’s Acknowledgments I would like to thank my excellent project editor, Nicole Sholly, who kept me and this book on track; Bob Woerner, the world’s best Executive Editor; Andy Cummings, who gives Dummies a good name; David Busch, for his great contribution to the fi rst edition; Dennis Cohen, for his technical editing; and all the hard-working, dedicated production folks at Wiley. A special thanks to Ted Padova, colleague, fellow author, and friend, who always reminds me there is eventually an end to all those chapters. Publisher’s Acknowledgments We’re proud of this book; please send us your comments at http://dummies.custhelp.com. For other comments, please contact our Customer Care Department within the U.S. at 877-762-2974, outside the U.S. at 317-572-3993, or fax 317-572-4002. Some of the people who helped bring this book to market include the following: Acquisitions, Editorial, and Composition Services Media Development Project Coordinator: Katherine Crocker Project Editor: Nicole Sholly Layout and Graphics: Claudia Bell, Executive Editor: Bob Woerner Samantha Cherolis, Joyce Haughey, Erin Zeltner Copy Editors: Heidi Unger, Brian Walls Proofreader: Melissa D. Buddendeck Technical Editor: Dennis R. Cohen Indexer: Sherry Massey Editorial Manager: Kevin Kirschner Media Development Project Manager: Laura Moss-Hollister Media Development Assistant Project Manager: Jenny Swisher Media Development Associate Producers: Josh Frank, Marilyn Hummel, Douglas Kuhn, Shawn Patrick Editorial Assistant: Amanda Graham Sr. Editorial Assistant: Cherie Case Cartoons: Rich Tennant (www.the5thwave.com) Publishing and Editorial for Technology Dummies Richard Swadley, Vice President and Executive Group Publisher Andy Cummings, Vice President and Publisher Mary Bednarek, Executive Acquisitions Director Mary C. Corder, Editorial Director Publishing for Consumer Dummies Diane Graves Steele, Vice President and Publisher Composition Services Debbie Stailey, Director of Composition Services Contents at a Glance Introduction ................................................................ 1 Book I: Photoshop Fundamentals .................................. 7 Chapter 1: Examining the Photoshop Environment ......................................................9 Chapter 2: Getting to Know the Tools Panel ................................................................27 Chapter 3: Starting, Finishing, and Getting It on Paper ...............................................39 Chapter 4: Viewing and Navigating Images ..................................................................57 Chapter 5: Customizing Your Workspace and Preferences .......................................97 Book II: Image Essentials ......................................... 123 Chapter 1: Specifying Size and Resolution .................................................................125 Chapter 2: Choosing Color Modes and File Formats .................................................141 Chapter 3: Using and Managing Color .........................................................................165 Chapter 4: Time Travel — Undoing in Photoshop ....................................................193 Chapter 5: Creating Actions for Productivity and Fun ..............................................207 Book III: Selections .................................................. 219 Chapter 1: Making Selections .......................................................................................221 Chapter 2: Creating and Working with Paths .............................................................241 Chapter 3: Modifying and Transforming Selections and Paths................................265 Book IV: Painting, Drawing, and Typing .................... 285 Chapter 1: Painting and Drawing with Photoshop ....................................................287 Chapter 2: Filling and Stroking .....................................................................................311 Chapter 3: Creating and Editing Type .........................................................................329 Book V: Working with Layers .................................... 357 Chapter 1: Creating Layers ...........................................................................................359 Chapter 2: Managing Layers .........................................................................................389 Chapter 3: Playing with Opacity and Blend Modes ...................................................407 Chapter 4: Getting Jazzy with Layer Styles and Clipping Groups ............................423 Chapter 5: Working with Smart Objects .....................................................................447 Book VI: Channels and Masks ................................... 457 Chapter 1: Using Channels ............................................................................................459 Chapter 2: Quick-and-Dirty Masking ............................................................................477 Chapter 3: Getting Exact with Advanced Masking Techniques ...............................489 Book VII: Filters and Distortions ............................... 507 Chapter 1: Making Corrections with Daily Filters ......................................................509 Chapter 2: Applying Filters for Special Occasions ....................................................529 Chapter 3: Distorting with the Liquify Command ......................................................555 Book VIII: Retouching and Restoration ...................... 569 Chapter 1: Enhancing Images with Adjustments .......................................................571 Chapter 2: Repairing with Focus and Toning Tools ..................................................617 Chapter 3: Fixing Flaws and Removing What’s Not Wanted.....................................627 Book IX: Photoshop and Print ................................... 647 Chapter 1: Prepping Graphics for Print ......................................................................649 Chapter 2: Using Photomerge and Merge to HDR Pro ..............................................665 Bonus Chapters ............................................ On the Web Bonus Chapter 1: Prepping Web Graphics ................................................................BC1 Bonus Chapter 2: Slicing Web Images ......................................................................BC31 Bonus Chapter 3: Other Sources of Information.....................................................BC47 Index ...................................................................... 673 Table of Contents Introduction ................................................................. 1 About This Book ..............................................................................................1 What’s in This Book ........................................................................................2 Book I: Photoshop Fundamentals ........................................................2 Book II: Image Essentials .......................................................................3 Book III: Selections .................................................................................3 Book IV: Painting, Drawing, and Typing ..............................................3 Book V: Working with Layers ...............................................................3 Book VI: Channels and Masks ..............................................................4 Book VII: Filters and Distortions ..........................................................4 Book VIII: Retouching and Restoration ...............................................4 Book IX: Photoshop and Print ..............................................................5 About the Web Site ................................................................................5 Conventions Used in This Book .....................................................................5 Icons Used in This Book .................................................................................6 Book I: Photoshop Fundamentals ................................... 7 Chapter 1: Examining the Photoshop Environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9 Launching Photoshop and Customizing the Desktop .................................9 Setting display settings with the Window menu ..............................11 Setting up the status bar .....................................................................12 Playing with Panels .......................................................................................14 Working with Your First Photoshop File ....................................................16 Opening, printing, and saving fi les ....................................................17 Making selections ................................................................................17 Making simple image edits .................................................................17 Adjusting size, color, and contrast ....................................................18 Creating layers .....................................................................................19 Applying fi lters .....................................................................................20 Unifying with the Application bar ......................................................21 Simplifying your edits with the Options bar ....................................22 Viewing and navigating the image .....................................................24 Introducing Adobe ConnectNow........................................................25 Chapter 2: Getting to Know the Tools Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27 Turning On the Tools Panel .........................................................................27 Selecting tools ......................................................................................27 Getting to know your tools .................................................................29 viii Photoshop CS5 All-in-One For Dummies Introducing the Photoshop Tools ...............................................................30 Using selection tools ...........................................................................30 Creating and modifying paths ............................................................30 Using painting tools .............................................................................32 Using tools for cloning and healing ...................................................32 Creating effects with typographical tools.........................................33 Using focus and toning tools ..............................................................34 Creating shapes ....................................................................................34 Viewing, navigating, sampling, and annotating tools ......................35 Using tools for the Web .......................................................................36 Saving Time with Tool Presets ....................................................................36 Creating custom tool presets .............................................................36 Managing your presets ........................................................................37 Chapter 3: Starting, Finishing, and Getting It on Paper. . . . . . . . . . . . .39 Browsing for Files ..........................................................................................39 Opening an Image ..........................................................................................40 Opening special fi les ............................................................................42 Opening as a Smart Object .................................................................43 Placing Files ....................................................................................................43 Creating a New Image ....................................................................................45 Saving a File ....................................................................................................48 Closing and Quitting ......................................................................................50 Getting It on Paper .........................................................................................51 Taking a look at printers .....................................................................51 Printing an image .................................................................................52 Setting printing options ......................................................................53 Chapter 4: Viewing and Navigating Images . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .57 Looking at the Image Window ......................................................................57 Zooming In and Out of Image Windows ......................................................60 Zooming with keyboard shortcuts ....................................................60 Using the Zoom tool ............................................................................60 Other ways to zoom ............................................................................62 Handling the Hand tool .......................................................................63 Rotating with the Rotate View tool ....................................................64 Cruising with the Navigator Panel ...............................................................65 Choosing a Screen Mode ..............................................................................66 Getting Precise Layout Results ....................................................................67 Creating guides ....................................................................................68 Using guides .........................................................................................69 Using grids ............................................................................................70 Measuring Onscreen .....................................................................................71 Measuring an object ............................................................................71 Measuring an angle ..............................................................................72

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