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Improving Preaching by Listening to Listeners PDF

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Table of contents Page: vii Preface and Acknowledgments xi Page: xi Introduction 1 Page: 1 The listeners’ reception of preaching 2 Page: 2 Motivation and purpose 3 Page: 3 Chapter one: Methodology of the project 7 Page: 7 The main problem and the research questions 7 Page: 7 Data production and clarification of the material 10 Page: 10 Presentation of the informants 14 Page: 14 Analysis and writing 15 Page: 15 Reliability, validity and ethical considerations 18 Page: 18 Chapter two: Research context 23 Page: 23 The turn to the listener 23 Page: 23 Research on preaching in Africa 26 Page: 26 Literature on preaching in Madagascar 31 Page: 31 Chapter Three: Political instability during fieldwork 37 Page: 37 PART ONE: PRESENTATION OF THE FINDINGS 43 Page: 43 Chapter Four: Presentation of places of research and sermons 45 Page: 45 City church 45 Page: 45 Church 45 Page: 45 Service 15 November 2009 45 Page: 45 Preacher 46 Page: 46 Sermon 46 Page: 46 Countryside church 50 Page: 50 Church 50 Page: 50 Service 22 November 2009 50 Page: 50 Preacher 51 Page: 51 Sermon 51 Page: 51 Town church 54 Page: 54 Church 54 Page: 54 Service 29 November 2009 54 Page: 54 Preacher 55 Page: 55 Sermon 55 Page: 55 Chapter Five: The significance of the preacher 59 Page: 59 Respect for the preacher 59 Page: 59 Is it helpful to know the preacher? 61 Page: 61 What is the ideal pastor like? 63 Page: 63 Does the preacher know the listeners? 65 Page: 65 The preacher’s exterior 69 Page: 69 Problematic words and attitudes during the sermon 70 Page: 70 Embodiment of the sermon 71 Page: 71 Summary 75 Page: 75 Chapter Six: What the preacher said 77 Page: 77 What was the main content of the sermon? 77 Page: 77 City church 78 Page: 78 Town church 81 Page: 81 Countryside church 85 Page: 85 What ought sermons to be about? 88 Page: 88 “God’s words come out of his mouth” 89 Page: 89 The Bible 89 Page: 89 What is said by the preacher? 91 Page: 91 Consequences of this view for the listeners 93 Page: 93 The preachers’ ways of presenting the content 94 Page: 94 Explanation of the text 95 Page: 95 Actualisations to everyday life 98 Page: 98 Examples and stories 100 Page: 100 Length of the sermon 102 Page: 102 Match the listeners’ level of knowledge 104 Page: 104 Disturbing factors for listeners 105 Page: 105 Summary 108 Page: 108 Chapter Seven: Effects on the listeners 111 Page: 111 The closer context 111 Page: 111 Emotional language 114 Page: 114 Experiences of change 118 Page: 118 Summary 122 Page: 122 Chapter Eight: Malagasy rhetoric and preaching 125 Page: 125 Proverbs 126 Page: 126 Inserting ways of communication in public speeches into the sermon? 128 Page: 128 Summary 134 Page: 134 PART TWO: HOMILETIC DISCUSSION 135 Page: 135 Chapter Nine: A brief sketch of ethos, logos and pathos 137 Page: 137 Ethos 138 Page: 138 Logos 138 Page: 138 Pathos 139 Page: 139 Chapter Ten: The preacher 141 Page: 141 The role of the preacher 141 Page: 141 Ethos in rhetoric 142 Page: 142 A preacher’s good intentions 143 Page: 143 Credibility 145 Page: 145 Authority 146 Page: 146 Cultural/contextual reflections on my findings 148 Page: 148 Elders, authority and respect 148 Page: 148 Direct speech 150 Page: 150 Conformity to a pastoral image? 150 Page: 150 Theological issues and implications 151 Page: 151 Words and deeds 152 Page: 152 Images of the preacher 152 Page: 152 The authority of the preacher 153 Page: 153 Preaching about sin and judgement 154 Page: 154 “Reverse-ethos”: Criteria for evaluating a preacher’s credibility 155 Page: 155 Summary 157 Page: 157 Chapter Eleven: The content 159 Page: 159 Logos in rhetoric 159 Page: 159 Arguments 160 Page: 160 Investigating the sermon in the city church 162 Page: 162 Claims and connections 171 Page: 171 Data supporting the claims 172 Page: 172 The warrants underlying the claims 172 Page: 172 The contextual nature of the arguments 173 Page: 173 The listeners’ expansion of the sermon 174 Page: 174 Theological issues and implications 175 Page: 175 The sermon depends on the Bible 175 Page: 175 The sermon: A message from God 178 Page: 178 The Holy Spirit 180 Page: 180 God’s logos: Enfleshed in the lives of the preachers and the listeners 182 Page: 182 Summary 183 Page: 183 Chapter Twelve: The listeners 185 Page: 185 Pathos in rhetoric 185 Page: 185 Identification 186 Page: 186 Pathos-listeners 189 Page: 189 The danger of manipulation 190 Page: 190 The ambiguity of feelings 191 Page: 191 Change through regular listening 192 Page: 192 Cultural/contextual reflections on my findings 193 Page: 193 Connecting with the congregation—the political situation 194 Page: 194 The sermon as correction 196 Page: 196 The manifestation of emotions 197 Page: 197 Theological issues and implications 198 Page: 198 Theological framework 198 Page: 198 Change through positive exhortations 200 Page: 200 Preaching is more than the sermon 200 Page: 200 Summary 201 Page: 201 Chapter Thirteen: The public speech-tradition (kabary) in homiletics 203 Page: 203 Literature on Malagasy public speech 204 Page: 204 What is kabary and what is its intended purpose? 204 Page: 204 Kinds and structure 205 Page: 205 Orientation towards the listeners 205 Page: 205 Characteristic features of kabary communication 206 Page: 206 The speaker (mpikabary) 207 Page: 207 Homiletic discussion 207 Page: 207 Assessment of the reasons for my informants’ reservations 208 Page: 208 Learning from the public speech tradition 210 Page: 210 Theological implications 214 Page: 214 Summary 217 Page: 217 Conclusion 219 Page: 219 Appendix: Interview guide 225 Page: 225 Bibliography 229 Page: 229 Index of Authors 235 Page: 235 Index of Biblical references 237 Page: 237

Description:
Improving Preaching by Listening to Listeners: Sunday Service Preaching in the Malagasy Lutheran Church explores the reaction of the congregation to Sunday preaching. Preaching has been a significant activity since the founding of the Lutheran Church in Madagascar in 1867. However, hardly any research has been carried out to explore this interesting field, particularly from the listeners’ perspective. This book is an attempt to remedy this situation.
With the aid of methodology from rhetorical studies, adapted into homiletics, this book investigates: How do the character of the preacher, the content of the sermon, and its emotional appeal impact the listeners in such a way that preaching becomes significant in their lives? Listeners consider the preacher himself important, both his spiritual and everyday life. They evaluate his good intentions, whether he believes in his own message, and whether his message is moulded by an encounter with the risen Lord. The Bible provides the sermon’s basic content and foundation, and The Holy Spirit is considered an active agent in the preaching event. The listeners encounter words from God through the sermon. They can experience change in their lives by listening to preaching from caring pastors who create presence for important issues for change to happen.
The Malagasy context and culture form the backcloth throughout the investigation, and this book specifically investigates Malagasy rhetoric, that is, the public speech tradition with regard to its possible role in increasing the impact of preaching on the listeners.
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