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THE CANADIAN ENCYCLOPEDIA OF NATURAL MEDICINE THE CANADIAN ENCYCLOPEDIA OF NATURAL MEDICINE SHERRY TORKOS, B.Sc. Phm. John Wiley & Sons Canada, Ltd. Copyright © 2008 by Sherry Torkos All rights reserved. No part of this work covered by the copyright herein may be reproduced or used in any form or by any means—graphic, electronic or mechanical without the prior written permission of the publisher. Any request for photocopying, recording, taping or information storage and retrieval systems of any part of this book shall be directed in writing to The Canadian Copyright Licensing Agency (Access Copyright). For an Access Copyright license, visit www.accesscopyright.ca or call toll free 1-800-893-5777. Care has been taken to trace ownership of copyright material contained in this book. The publisher will gladly receive any information that will enable them to rectify any reference or credit line in sub- sequent editions. Numerous product names appear throughout this book, most of which are registered trademarks, although the ® symbol is respectfully omitted. This publication contains the opinions and ideas of its author(s) and is designed to provide useful advice in regard to the subject matter covered. The author(s) and publisher are not engaged in rendering medi- cal, therapeutic, or other services in this publication. This publication is not intended to provide a basis for action in particular circumstances without consideration by a competent professional. The author(s) and publisher expressly disclaim any responsibility for any liability, loss, or risk, personal or otherwise, which is incurred as a consequence, directly or indirectly, of the use and application of any of the con- tents of this book. Library and Archives Canada Cataloguing in Publication Data Torkos, Sherry The Canadian encyclopedia of natural medicine / Sherry Torkos. Includes index. ISBN 978-0-470-83908-9 1. Naturopathy—Encyclopedias. 2. Self-care, Health. I. Title. RZ433.T67 2007 615.5’3503 C2007-900992-1 Production Credits Cover design: Ian Koo Interior text design and typesetting: Adrian So Author photo: Precious LaPlante Printer: Tri-Graphic John Wiley & Sons Canada, Ltd. 6045 Freemont Blvd. Mississauga, Ontario L5R 4J3 Printed in Canada This book is printed with biodegradable vegetable-based inks. Text pages are printed on 60 lb. 100% PCW using TG ECO100 by Tri-Graphic Printing, Ltd., an FSC certifi ed printer. 1 2 3 4 5 TRI 11 10 09 08 07 CONTENTS Forewordix Acknowledgements xi Advisory Boardxiii Introduction – A Pharmacist’s Perspective: The Power of Natural Medicine in Modern Health 1 Section I: Prescription for Successful Living Chapter 1: Macronutrients 7 Chapter 2: Micronutrients 13 Chapter 3: Functional Foods 33 Chapter 4: 10 Principles of a Healthy Diet 37 Chapter 5: Exercise for Better Health 43 Chapter 6: The Importance of Sleep and Stress Management 47 Section II: The Natural Pharmacy Chapter 7:Reference Guide to Dietary Supplements, Herbal Remedies, and Branded Ingredients 53 Chapter 8: Principles of Safe Supplementing 67 Chapter 9: Homeopathy by Dr. Bryce Wylde 73 Section III: Common Health Concerns and Conditions Acid Refl ux (GERD) 86 Acne 90 Allergic Rhinitis 93 Alzheimer’s Disease 97 Anemia 101 Anxiety 105 Arthritis (Rheumatoid) 109 Asthma 113 vi | Contents Athlete’s Foot 117 Attention Defi cit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) 120 Autism (Autism Spectrum Disorders) 127 Back Pain 132 Bad Breath (Halitosis) 136 Bladder Infection 139 Bronchitis 142 Burns146 Cancer 151 Carpal Tunnel Syndrome 158 Cataracts 161 Celiac Disease (Gluten Intolerance) 164 Cervical Dysplasia 167 Chronic Fatigue Syndrome 171 Chronic Venous Insuffi ciency 175 Cold Sores 178 Common Cold 181 Congestive Heart Failure 185 Constipation 189 Crohn’s Disease and Colitis 192 Depression 196 Diabetes 200 Diarrhea 205 Diverticular Disease 209 Ear Infections 212 Eczema 216 Endometriosis 219 Erectile Dysfunction (Impotence) 222 Fibrocystic Breasts 225 Fibroids (Uterine) 228 Fibromyalgia 231 Flu234 Gallstones 238 Glaucoma 242 Gout245 Gum Disease 248 Hair Loss 252 Heart Disease (Cardiovascular Disease) 257 Contents | vii Hemorrhoids 262 Hepatitis (Viral) 265 High Blood Pressure (Hypertension) 270 High Cholesterol 274 Hypoglycemia 278 Hypothyroidism 282 Infertility 287 Insomnia 292 Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) 295 Kidney Stones 299 Lice303 Low Libido 307 Lupus310 Macular Degeneration 316 Memory Loss 319 Menopause 323 Metabolic Syndrome 327 Migraine Headaches 331 Multiple Sclerosis (MS) 335 Obesity 341 Osteoarthritis 345 Osteoporosis 348 Ovarian Cysts 352 Parasites 355 Parkinson’s Disease 358 Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome 363 Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) 366 Prostate Enlargement (Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia) 369 Psoriasis 372 Restless Leg Syndrome 375 Rosacea 379 Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) 382 Shingles (Herpes Zoster) 385 Sinusitis 389 Stress 393 Stroke 397 viii | Contents Thrush (Candidiasis) 402 Tinnitus 405 Ulcers 409 Vaginitis and Yeast Infections 413 Varicose Veins 416 Section IV: Appendices Appendix A: Determinations for Body Fat and Weight 421 Appendix B: Glycemic Index Table 424 Appendix C: Cleansing and Detoxifi cation 426 Appendix D: Food Allergies and the Elimination Diet 430 Appendix E: Hormone Testing 434 Index 437 FOREWORD The great potential of diet, lifestyle, and natural health products in modern health care is clouded by confusion and over-hyped marketing messages. There are now over 29,000 commercially available dietary supplements in North America, with over 4,000 ingredients alone purported to assist in weight loss. There is a lineup of authors touting the fad diet du jour, confl icting media messages on the benefi ts and pitfalls of diet, and a wild west of unbridled health claims for supplements. It is not entirely surprising that consumers, patients, and health care providers alike are all craving sound, unbiased, and scientifi cally grounded information. Enter trusted pharmacist Sherry Torkos, a renowned expert and talented writer who has consistently set the gold standard in health promotion literature. Like thou- sands of others, I have always been impressed by Sherry’s books, with their superb coverage of women’s health, emotional disorders, anti-aging interventions, and sound, scientifi cally based measures for the maintenance of a healthy, lean body. It was no shock to me that Sherry would take on the Mount Everest of nutritional projects—the daunting task of covering the need-to-know information regarding nutrition, lifestyle, and supplements in relation to the most common medical disorders and diseases. In addition to the global aspects of diet and nutrients, lifestyle habits, and stress management for overall health, Sherry provides condition-specifi c advice on complementary interventions, dietary modifi cations, and key nutritional and herbal supplements—all without overwhelming the reader. The end result is the ultimate resource for consumers, patients, and health care providers. Pharmacists, doctors and patients will also appreciate the unique and detailed descriptions of the prescrip- tion drugs that can deplete vitamins and minerals. This drug–nutrient interaction is an underappreciated factor and a particularly important one when considering that prescription drug usage in Canada now exceeds $20 billion. It will be obvious and appreciated by readers that this is an exhaustive work, a cross-over book that will be useful and reader-friendly to both consumers and doc- tors alike. Leaving no stone unturned, Sherry has elegantly put together a book that stands alone. She has fi ltered out the hype and synthesized thousands of scientifi c x | Foreword papers from various medical disciplines—there simply is no other book like it. This resource is timely and destined to become one that will be referred to over and over again. Most importantly, it is a resource that allows for informed choice without bias or commercial spin, providing practical advice that is sure to make a difference in the lives of many. The book strikes me as an extension of Sherry herself, a trusted advisor in the otherwise confusing world of nutrition and natural health products. Respectfully, Alan C. Logan, ND, FRSH

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