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Memory, Trauma and World Politics: Reflections on the Relationship Between Past and Present PDF

284 Pages·2006·1.22 MB·English
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Memory, Trauma and World Politics Also by Duncan Bell THE IDEA OF GREATER BRITAIN:Empire and the Future of World Order, 1860–1900 Edited by Duncan Bell VICTORIAN VISIONS OF GLOBAL ORDER:Empire and International Relations in Nineteenth Century British Political Thought PESSIMISM, POWER, AND GLOBAL ETHICS:Variations on a Realist Theme Memory, Trauma and World Politics Reflections on the Relationship Between Past and Present Edited by Duncan Bell Lecturer in International Relations University of Cambridge Editorial matter,selection and introduction © Duncan Bell 2006; all remaining chapters © respective authors 2006 Softcover reprint of the hardcover 1st edition 2006 978-0-230-00656-0 All rights reserved.No reproduction,copy or transmission of this publication may be made without written permission. No paragraph of this publication may be reproduced,copied or transmitted save with written permission or in accordance with the provisions of the Copyright,Designs and Patents Act 1988,or under the terms of any licence permitting limited copying issued by the Copyright Licensing Agency,90 Tottenham Court Road,London W1T 4LP. Any person who does any unauthorized act in relation to this publication may be liable to criminal prosecution and civil claims for damages. The authors have asserted their rights to be identified as the authors of this work in accordance with the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988. First published in 2006 by PALGRAVE MACMILLAN Houndmills,Basingstoke,Hampshire RG21 6XS and 175 Fifth Avenue,New York,N.Y.10010 Companies and representatives throughout the world. PALGRAVE MACMILLAN is the global academic imprint of the Palgrave Macmillan division of St.Martin’s Press,LLC and of Palgrave Macmillan Ltd. Macmillan® is a registered trademark in the United States,United Kingdom and other countries.Palgrave is a registered trademark in the European Union and other countries. ISBN 978-1-349-28241-8 ISBN 978-0-230-62748-2 (eBook) DOI 10.1057/9780230627482 This book is printed on paper suitable for recycling and made from fully managed and sustained forest sources. A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Memory,trauma and world politics :reflections on the relationship between past and present / edited by Duncan Bell. p.cm. Includes bibliographical references and index. 1.World politics—20th century.2.World politics—21st century. 3.Collective memory.I.Bell,Duncan S.A.,1976- D445.M36 2006 327.1—dc22 2006046255 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 15 14 13 12 11 10 09 08 07 06 The choice that we have is not between remembering and forgetting; because forgetting can’t be done by an act of will, it is not some- thing we can chose to do. The choice is between different ways of remembering…Memories do not always bear fruit and may even lead us astray. If we treat the past as holy, we exclude it from the world of meaning and prevent it teaching lessons that might apply to other times and places, to other agents of history. But we do just as much damage through the opposite approach: making the past trivial by likening present events to past ones too easily, trawling it for facile solutions to current issues, betrays history, distorts the present, and opens the door to injustice. Tzvetan Todorov, Hope and Memory: Lessons from the Twentieth Century(2003) This page intentionally left blank Contents Acknowledgements ix Notes on Contributors x 1 Introduction: Memory, Trauma and World Politics 1 Duncan Bell Part I 2 We Could Remember It for You Wholesale: Myths, Monuments and the Constitution of National Memories 33 Jens Bartelson 3 Notes on the Memory Boom: War, Remembrance and the Uses of the Past 54 Jay Winter 4 From Theodicy to Ressentiment: Trauma and the Ages of Compensation 74 Jeffrey K. Olick and Chares Demetriou Part II 5 Remembering Relationality: Trauma Time and Politics 99 Jenny Edkins 6 Bewitched by the Past: Social Memory, Trauma and International Relations 116 K. M. Fierke 7 Mourning, Melancholia and Violence 135 Larry Ray Part III 8 Trauma Culture: Remembering and Forgetting in the New South Africa 157 Lynn Meskell vii viii Contents 9 Memorials to Injustice 176 Stephan Feuchtwang 10 Remembering and Forgetting the Korean War: From Trauma to Reconciliation 195 Roland Bleiker and Young-Ju Hoang 11 Remembering to Forget/Forgetting to Remember 213 Maja Zehfuss Notes 231 Index 271 Acknowledgements There are various people and institutions that I would like to thank for supporting this project. Tobie Whitman organized the excellent workshop on ‘The Memory of Genocide in World Politics’ in Cambridge (2003), out of which the idea for the book emerged. Casper Sylvest, Lynn Meskell and Jeff Olick offered sage advice on planning the book. Jeff, Casper, Richard Ned Lebow, Andrea Sangiovanni and Sarah Fine all offered incisive comments on the introduction. I am very grateful to the Master and Fellows of Christ’s College, Cambridge, for electing me to a research fellowship – the college has provided a beautiful and stimulating environment in which to work. The Centre of International Studies, University of Cambridge, has likewise provided excellent practical and moral support. Above all, I would like to thank the contributors to this book for their interest in the project and their patience during its completion. ix

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