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Heaven and Hell: The Portable New Century Edition PDF

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H E A V E N a n d H E L L H E A V E N a n d H E L L The Portable New Century Edition EMANUEL SWEDENBORG Translated from the Latin by George F. Dole SWEDENBORG FOUNDATION West Chester, Pennsylvania Originally published in Latin as De Coelo et Ejus Mirabilibus, et de Inferno, ex Auditis et Visis, London, 1758 © Copyright 2010 by the Swedenborg Foundation, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or any information storage or retrieval system, without prior permission from the publisher. First printing, 2002 Second printing, 2008 Third printing, 2010 Revised fourth printing, 2016 Printed in the United States of America ISBN (library) 978-0-87785-475-3 ISBN (paperback) 978-0-87785-476-0 ISBN (portable) 978-0-87785-406-7 The following is the Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication data from the Deluxe edition of this title, which contains, in addition to the material found in this Portable edition, a translator’s preface, introduction, and annotations, with lists of works cited, an index of scriptural passages, and a table of parallel passages. The ISBN in the Library of Congress data is the previous, 10-digit ISBN. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Swedenborg, Emanuel, 1688–1722. [De coelo et ejus mirabilibus. English] Heaven and its wonders and hell : drawn from things heard and seen / Emanuel Swedenborg ; translated from the Latin by George F. Dole ; with an introduction by Bernhard Lang ; and notes by George F. Dole, Robert H. Kirven, and Jonathan S. Rose. p. cm. — (The new century edition of the works of Emanuel Swedenborg) Includes bibliographical references (p.) and indexes. ISBN 0-87785-475-0 (lib. bdg. : alk. paper) 1. Heaven—Christianity. 2. Hell—Christianity. 3. Future life—Christianity—Early works to 1800. I. Dole, George F. II. Lang, Bernhard, 1946– III. Kirven, Robert H. IV. Rose, Jonathan S. V. Title. BX8712.H513 2000 236'.24—dc21 00-037533 Text designed by Joanna V. Hill Ornaments from the fi rst Latin edition, 1758 Index by Bruce Tracy Typesetting by Alicia L. Dole Cover designed by Karen Connor For information contact: Swedenborg Foundation 320 North Church Street West Chester, PA 19380 U.S.A. Telephone: (610) 430-3222 Web: www.swedenborg.com E-mail: [email protected] Contents Short Titles and Other Conventions Used in This Edition ix Part I. Heaven and Hell §1 [Author’s Preface] 3 [1] §§2–6 / The Lord Is God of Heaven 5 [2] §§7–12 / It Is the Lord’s Divine Nature That Makes Heaven 8 [3] §§13–19 / The Lord’s Divine Nature in Heaven Is Love for Him and Thoughtfulness toward One’s Neighbor 10 [4] §§20–28 / Heaven Is Divided into Two Kingdoms 15 [5] §§29–40 / There Are Three Heavens 18 [6] §§41–50 / The Heavens Are Made Up of Countless Communities 23 [7] §§51–58 / Each Community Is a Heaven in Smaller Form and Each Angel a Heaven in Smallest Form 27 [8] §§59–67 / The Whole Heaven, Grasped as a Single Entity, Refl ects a Single Individual 32 [9] §§68–72 / Each Community in the Heavens Refl ects a Single Individual 36 [10] §§73–77 / Therefore Every Angel Is in Perfect Human Form 38 [11] §§78–86 / It Is Owing to the Lord’s Divine Human That Heaven, in Its Entirety and in Its Parts, Refl ects a Person 42 References to Passages in Secrets of Heaven Concerning the Lord and His Divine Human 46 [12] §§87–102 / There Is a Correspondence of Everything in Heaven with Everything in the Human Being 50 [13] §§103–115 / There Is a Correspondence of Heaven with Everything Earthly 56 v vi HEAVEN and HELL [14] §§116–125 / The Sun in Heaven 64 [15] §§126–140 / Light and Warmth in Heaven 69 [16] §§141–153 / The Four Quarters in Heaven 78 [17] §§154–161 / How the States of Angels in Heaven Change 84 [18] §§162–169 / Time in Heaven 88 [19] §§170–176 / Representations and Appearances in Heaven 91 [20] §§177–182 / The Clothes Angels Appear In 94 [21] §§183–190 / Angels’ Homes and Houses 96 [22] §§191–199 / Space in Heaven 100 [23] §§200–212 / Heaven’s Form, Which Determines How People Associate and Communicate There 103 [24] §§213–220 / Forms of Government in Heaven 110 [25] §§221–227 / Divine Worship in Heaven 114 [26] §§228–233 / The Power of Heaven’s Angels 117 [27] §§234–245 / The Language of Angels 121 [28] §§246–257 / How Angels Talk with Us 126 [29] §§258–264 / Written Materials in Heaven 133 [30] §§265–275 / The Wisdom of Heaven’s Angels 136 [31] §§276–283 / The State of Innocence of Angels in Heaven 145 [32] §§284–290 / The State of Peace in Heaven 151 [33] §§291–302 / The Union of Heaven with the Human Race 156 [34] §§303–310 / Heaven’s Union with Us through the Word 162 [35] §§311–317 / Heaven and Hell Come from the Human Race 169 [36] §§318–328 / Non-Christians, or People outside the Church, in Heaven 174 [37] §§329–345 / Children in Heaven 181 [38] §§346–356 / Wise and Simple People in Heaven 190 References to Passages in Secrets of Heaven Concerning Different Types of Knowledge 199 [39] §§357–365 / Rich and Poor People in Heaven 202 [40] §§366–386 / Marriages in Heaven 210 [41] §§387–394 / What Angels Do in Heaven 222 contents vii [42] §§395–414 / Heavenly Joy and Happiness 226 [43] §§415–420 / The Vastness of Heaven 237 Part II. The World of Spirits and Our State after Death [44] §§421–431 / What the World of Spirits Is 245 [45] §§432–444 / Each of Us Is Inwardly a Spirit 249 [46] §§445–452 / Our Revival from the Dead and Entry into Eternal Life 254 [47] §§453–460 / After Death, We Are in a Complete Human Form 258 [48] §§461–469 / After Death, We Enjoy Every Sense, Memory, Thought, and Affection We Had in the World: We Leave Nothing Behind except Our Earthly Body 264 [49] §§470–484 / Our Nature after Death Depends on the Kind of Life We Led in the World 274 [50] §§485–490 / After Death, the Pleasures of Everyone’s Life Are Turned into Things That Correspond 286 [51] §§491–498 / Our First State after Death 293 [52] §§499–511 / Our Second State after Death 296 [53] §§512–520 / Our Third State after Death, Which Is a State of Instruction for People Who Are Entering Heaven 305 [54] §§521–527 / No One Enters Heaven on the Basis of Mercy Alone 311 [55] §§528–535 / It Is Not So Hard to Lead a Heaven-Bound Life as People Think It Is 316 Part III. Hell [56] §§536–544 / The Lord Governs the Hells 327 [57] §§545–550 / The Lord Does Not Cast Anyone into Hell: Spirits Cast Themselves In 330 [58] §§551–565 / All the People Who Are in the Hells Are Absorbed in Evils and Consequent Falsities Because of Their Love for Themselves and the World 334 [59] §§566–575 / Hellfi re and Gnashing of Teeth 344 viii HEAVEN and HELL [60] §§576–581 / The Malice and Unspeakable Skills of Hellish Spirits 351 [61] §§582–588 / The Appearance, Location, and Number of the Hells 354 [62] §§589–596 / The Equilibrium between Heaven and Hell 359 [63] §§597–603 / Our Freedom Depends on the Balance between Heaven and Hell 364 References to Passages in Secrets of Heaven Concerning Our Freedom, Infl ow, and the Spirits Who Are the Means of Communication 367 Index and Biographical Note Index to Heaven and Hell 371 Biographical Note 401 Short Titles and Other Conventions Used in This Edition MOST of the following conventions apply generally to the translations in the New Century Edition Portable series. For introductory mate- rial on the content and history of Heaven and Hell, and for annotations on the subject matter, including obscure or problematic content, and extensive indexes, the reader is referred to the Deluxe New Century Edition volume. Section numbers Following a practice common in his time, Swedenborg divided his published theological works into sections numbered in sequence from beginning to end. His original section numbers have been preserved in this edition; they appear in boxes in the outside margins. Tradition- ally, these sections have been referred to as “numbers” and designated by the abbreviation “n.” In this edition, however, the more common section symbol (§) is used to designate the section numbers, and the sections are referred to as such. Subsection numbers Because many sections throughout Swedenborg’s works are too long for precise cross-referencing, Swedenborgian scholar John Faulkner Potts (1838–1923) further divided them into subsections; these have since become standard, though minor variations occur from one edition to another. These subsections are indicated by bracketed numbers that appear in the text itself: [2], [3], and so on. Because the beginning of the fi rst subsection always coincides with the beginning of the section proper, it is not labeled in the text. Citations of Swedenborg’s text As is common in Swedenborgian stud- ies, text citations of Swedenborg’s works refer not to page numbers but to section numbers, which are uniform in most editions. In citations the section symbol (§) is generally omitted after the title of a work by Swedenborg. Thus “Heaven and Hell 239” would refer to section 239 (§239) of Swedenborg’s Heaven and Hell, not to page 239 of any edi- tion. Subsection numbers are given after a colon; a reference such as “239:2” indicates subsection 2 of section 239. The reference “239:1” would indicate the first subsection of section 239, though that subsection is not in fact labeled in the text. Where section numbers stand alone without titles, their function is indicated by the prefixed section symbol; for example, “§239:2”. ix

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