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Dictionary of Psychology & Allied Sciences PDF

496 Pages·2009·1.14 MB·English
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This page intentionally left blank DICTIONARY OF PSYCHOLOGY AND ALLIED SCIENCES M.S. Bhatia Professor and Head Department of Psychiatry University College of Medical Sciences and Associated Guru Teg Bahadur Hospital Dilshad Garden, Delhi-11 0095 (India) Ex-Psychiatrist Maulana Azad Medical College and Associated LNJP and G.B. Pant Hospitals. New Delhi-11000i (India) & Lady Hardinge Medical College and Associated Sm!. Such eta Kriplani and Kalawati Saran Children's Hospital, New Delhi-11 0001 (India) Expert Teacher, Examiner and Papersetter PUBLISHING FOR ONE WORLD NEW AGE INTERNATIONAL (P) LIMITED, PUBLISHERS New Delhi· Bangalore • Chennai • Cochin • Guwahati • Hyderabad lalandhar· K..olkata ~ :,ucknow • Mnmbai • Ranchi Visit 1I" at www.newagepnblishers.com Copyright © 2009, New Age International (P) Ltd., Publishers Published by New Age International (P) Ltd., Publishers All rights reserved. No part of this ebook may be reproduced in any form, by photostat, microfilm, xerography, or any other means, or incorporated into any information retrieval system, electronic or mechanical, without the written permission of the publisher. All inquiries should be emailed to [email protected] ISBN (13) : 978-81-224-2949-7 PUBLISHING FOR ONE WORLD NEW AGE INTERNATIONAL (P) LIMITED, PUBLISHERS 4835/24, Ansari Road, Daryaganj, New Delhi - 110002 Visit us at www.newagepublishers.com Dedicated to All Teachers & Students who helped in improving the fields of psychology and allied mental health specialities This page intentionally left blank Dictionary of Psychology & Allied Sciences vii PREFACE With the rapid unveiling of the aetiological factors and also with the changes in the classifications, the field of psychology has undergone a continuous change and refinements which need a dictionary for its completion. Moreover, the definitions of various terms is the backbone of understanding a subject, its research and its communication. The impetus for writing a dictionary has come largely from clinical practice and teaching. Both reveal the lack of focused knowledge concerning the over- lapping territories between psychology, psychia- try, and neurology–a gap manifested in the paucity of literature on the subjects. My intention has been to provide a guide for students from a psycholo- gical, or sociological background, who may find several aspects of these branches which impinge on their interest usefully reviewed. I have tried to produce a comprehensive text; it is a defining dictionary rather than an explaining one. The dictionary incorporates the revised nomenclature and the diagnostic terms have been arranged alphabetically. All suggestions for the modification of this book are welcome and will be duly acknowledged. M.S. Bhatia This page intentionally left blank CONTENTS Preface v A AA – Aypnia 1 B Babbling – Bystander apathy 42 C C.A. – Cycloplegia 59 D Da Costa’s syndrome– Dystonia 102 E Eating disorder – Eysenck, Hans Jurgen 127 F Fabulation – Future shock 150 G GABA – Gyrectomy 171 H Habeas corpus – Hysterical 182 psychosis I Iatrogenic illness – I-Thou 199 J Jacksonian epilepsy – Juramentado 225 K Kanner’s syndrome – Kretschmer, Ernest 228 L la belle indifference – Lysergic acid diethylamide 231 M Machiavellianism – Mysophobia 244 N Naloxone – Nymphomania 272 O Obesity – Overvalued Idea 283 P Paired-associate – Punishment learning 295 Q Quaalude – Quota sampling 338 R Race differences – Rush, Benjamin 340 S Sadism – Systemic desensitization 362 T Taboo – Tyramine 416

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