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537 Pages·1981·1.9 MB·English
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Aristotle, the Collected Papers of Joseph title: Owens author: Owens, Joseph.; Catan, John R. publisher: State University of New York Press isbn10 | asin: 087395534X print isbn13: 9780873955348 ebook isbn13: 9780585056449 language: English subject Aristotle--Addresses, essays, lectures. publication date: 1981 lcc: B485.O82eb ddc: 185 subject: Aristotle--Addresses, essays, lectures. Page iii Aristotle The Collected Papers of Joseph Owens edited by John R. Catan State University of New York Press Albany Page iv For my son, Paul Published by State University of New York Press, Albany © 1981 State University of New York All Rights reserved Printed in the United States of America No part of this book may be used or reproduced in any manner whatsoever without written permission except in the case of brief quotations embodied in critical articles and reviews. For information, address State University of New York Press, State University Plaza, Albany, N.Y., 12246 Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data Owens, Joseph. Aristotle, the collected papers of Joseph Owens. Companion vol. to the author's St. Thomas Aquinas on the existence of God. "Complete bibliography of Joseph Owens, C.Ss.R.": Includes bibliographical references and indexes. Contents: Aristotle, teacher of those who know Aristotle on categoriesThe Aristotelian conception of the sciences[etc.] 1. AristotleAddresses, essays, lectures. I. Catan, John R. II. Title. B485.082 185 81-7602 ISBN 0-87395-534-X AACR2 ISBN 0-87395-535-8 (pbk.) Page v Contents Foreword by Joseph Owens C.Ss.R vi Editor's Preface viii 1. Aristotle Teacher of Those Who Know 1 2. Aristotle on Categories 14 3. The Aristotelian Conception of the Sciences 23 4. Matter and Predication in Aristotle 35 5. The Grounds of Universality in Aristotle 48 6. The Universality of the Sensible in the Aristotelian 59 Noetic 7. AristotleCognition a Way of Being 74 8. Aristotelian Soul as Cognitive of Sensibles, Intelligibles 81 and Self 9. A Note on Aristotle, De Anima 3.4.429b9 99 10. Aristotle's Definition of Soul 109 11. The Aristotelian Argument for the Material Principle 122 of Bodies 12. The Teleology of Nature in Aristotle 136 13. The Grounds of Ethical Universality in Aristotle 148 14. Nature and Ethical Norm in Aristotle 165 15. Aristotelian Ethics, Medicine, and the Changing 169 Nature of Man Notes to the Text 181 Complete Bibliography of Joseph Owens C.Ss.R 229 Short Biography of Joseph Owens C.Ss.R. 241 Index of Persons 243 Index of Texts Cited 246 Page vi Foreword Interest in Aristotle seems to maintain a steady pulse. True, the reasons for the persistent attention to his writings may vary widely. Great philosophers as well as great artists have the gift of inspiring profoundly different conceptions and meaning in the individuals who contemplate their work. The Greek commentators, the Islamic intellectuals, the medieval Scholastics, the Renaissance humanists, the nineteenth-century philologists, the twentieth-century analysts, and numerous other scholarly movements, have all shown an absorbing fascination in Aristotle in spite of the differences in their respective viewpoints. This history would in itself be ample testimony to the breadth of the Aristotelian achievement. It would augur intellectual profit for any type of reader who approaches the Stagirite, and would make manifest the propriety of Dante's characterization of him as the teacher of those who know. The breadth of universal interest and the openness to the various fields of scholarly engagement may have their explanation, partly at least, in Aristotle's own conception of human intellectual endeavor. For him all human knowledge is solidly grounded in the things experienced in the course of everyday life. These things are obvious and accessible to all inquirers. They are what a person becomes and is cognitionally in ordinary sensation and understanding. In that way they form the common basis for all subsequent reasoning by individuals or groups. Their qualitative and quantitative aspects give rise to the far-reaching penetration of the natural and life sciences. Of the mathematicized sciences Aristotle knew only astronomy, optics, harmonics and mechanics, and only in the stage of development they had reached in his day. But his philosophical views about them are still enlightening. His understanding of the world of nature, moreover, went beyond the domain of the qualitative and the quantitative. It gave a further explanation of sensible things in terms of their substantial principles, matter and form. This is a different but in no way rival account of visible things through the philosophy of nature, and it answers its own set of questions about the universe. Still further, for Aristotle the investigation of those same tangible things from the viewpoint of their being opens on the world of supersensible things, in the discipline that later came to be known as metaphysics. But in spite of the necessitating causation that prevails throughout the Page vii visible universe and in its links with the immaterial substances, Aristotle's ethics shows the way to proceed in practical science from a radically new starting point, free choice, while at the same time keeping human life and human conduct within the same real world studied by the other sciences. Causation and liberty walk side by side, neither excluding the other. Correspondingly his conception of the arts and crafts, as working into external things some forms already existent in the mind, brings out strongly the humanizing aspect of those activities. In all these domains Aristotle still broadens our intellectual outlook. Even after the terrific tensions and the undermining erosions of twenty-three centuries his thought has much to offer. The following papers of mine aimed to investigate some aspects of it that have been notably influential. The project of publishing these papers collectively, the selection of them and their arrangement in the volume, are all due to the enterprise and industry of Professor John Catan. May I express my trust that his confidence and that of Mr. William Eastman of SUNY Press in the ongoing demand for discussions about Aristotle will prove justified. Other writers from Plato to Heidegger may be much more brilliant, and quicker to stir enthusiasm. The adrenalin they pour into western thinking has its important function. But for basic solidity, breadth of vision, reassuring balance and quiet penetration of thought, there is good reason to believe that Aristotle will continue to play a role all his own. J. Owens January 22, 1981 Page viii Editor's Preface This book is a companion to the recently published St. Thomas Aquinas on The Existence of God: The Collected Papers of Joseph Owens (Albany: SUNY Press, 1980) whose main emphasis is Saint Thomas Aquinas. A cursory reading of that book also reveals the presence throughout of references to and lengthy explanations of Aristotle's teachings. The present book, then, brings together articles by Father Owens which have been influential in changing current scholarly opinion on Aristotle. The main emphasis in this book is on the theory of knowledge, embracing the logical works as well as the Physics, the de Anima, and associated cognitive problems in moral philosophy. Father Owens has written, of course, on the Metaphysics of Aristotle in his well-known Doctrine of Being in the Aristotelian Metaphysics (Toronto: Pontifical Institute of Mediaevel Studies, 1978), 3rd edition revised. I have therefore not included any articles concerned with the Metaphysics that essentially reproduce material in The Doctrine of Being in the Aristotelian Metaphysics, I leave to the reader the pleasure of consulting Father Owens' most recent survey of scholarly opinion on the Metaphysics to be found in his Introduction to The Doctrine of Being etc. I have also presented a complete bibliography in chronological order up through the beginning of 1981 as well as a short biography of Father Owens. It is my pleasure once again to thank Father Owens for his cooperation in my editing, although I am responsible for the final arrangement and choices. I would also like to thank the following publishers, journals, and their editors for permission to reprint: Editio Bellarmin (Montreal, Canada); The Review of Metaphysics; Notre Dame University Press; International Philosophical Quarterly; Studia Moralia (Rome); The American Philosophical Quarterly; Herder

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