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appendix b anatomy of the upper limb PDF

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INFORMATION TO USERS This manuscript has been reproduced from the microfilm master. UMI films the text directly from the original or copy submitted. Thus, some thesis and dissertation copies are in typewriter face, while others may be from any type of computer printer. The quality of this reproduction is dependent upon the quality of the copy submitted. Broken or indistinct print, colored or poor quality illustrations and photographs, print bleedthrough, substandard margins, and improper alignment can adversely afreet reproduction. In the unlikely event that the author did not send UMI a complete manuscript and there are missing pages, these will be noted. Also, if unauthorized copyright material had to be removed, a note will indicate the deletion. Oversize materials (e.g., maps, drawings, charts) are reproduced by sectioning the original, beginning at the upper left-hand comer and continuing from left to right in equal sections with small overlaps. Each original is also photographed in one exposure and is included in reduced form at the back of the book. Photographs included in the original manuscript have been reproduced xerographically in this copy. Higher quality 6” x 9” black and white photographic prints are available for any photographs or illustrations appearing in this copy for an additional charge. Contact UMI directly to order. UMI A Bell & Howell Informaticn Company 300 North Zed) Road, Ann Arbor MI 48106-1346 USA 313/761-4700 800/521-0600 ANATOMY-BASED SURFACE GENERATION FOR ARTICULATED MODELS OF HUMAN FIGURES DISSERTATION Presented in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Doctor of Philosophy in the Graduate School of The Ohio State University By Coenraad Prederik Scheepers, M.S. * * * * * The Ohio State University 1996 Dissertation Committee: Approved by Dr. Richard E. Parent Dr. Wayne E. Carlson Adviser Dr. Kikuo Fujimura Department of Computer and Information Science XJMI Number: 9630968 UMI Microform 9630968 Copyright 1996, by UMI Company. All rights reserved. This microform edition is protected against unauthorized copying under Title 17, United States Code. UMI 300 North Zed) Road Ann Arbor, MI 48103 © Copyright by Coenraad Frederik Scheepers 1996 Opgedra aan Ronél, Nicolas, en Conrad, en aan ons ouers en grootouers, Nico, Hettie, Phillip, Inéz, Boet, en Minnie. 11 Acknowledgements I would like to thank my adviser Rick Parent for his guidance and insight throughout this research, for gently nudging me on when I needed it, and, especially, for knowing how to say “It’s looking good!” with perfect inflection so that I knew if it really was. I would also like to thank the other members of my dissertation committee, Wayne Carlson and Kikuo Fujimura, for their encouragement and support. Wayne’s advice throughout my stay at OSU and during my association with ACCAD is greatly appreciated. I vTish to express sincere appreciation to the Chamber of Mines of South Africa for awarding me the Nico Diedericks Research Scholarship in support of the flrst year of my studies at OSU. Financial support by the now defunct Centre for Advanced Computing and Decision Support, and later by the Division of Microelectronics and Communications Technology of the Council for Scientiflc emd Industrial Research is also appreciated. I would like to thank my friends and colleagues at ACCAD and CIS for inspiring me through their own work, and for helping to create a rich and rewarding environment to do computer graphics and animation research. At the risk of leaving someone out, let me mention by name Barb, Beth, Bob, Bren, Cemil, Chuck, Chitra, Dave, Don, Bd, Erika, Fhp, Kevin, Kevin, Kevin, Kikuo, Jim, John, Lawson, Matt, Midori, Meg, Moon, Nathan, Nathania, Neal, Pete, Pete, Phil, Rick, Rina, Roni, Saty, Scott, Scott, Sara, Steve, Steve, Terry, Tonya, Torsten, Traci, Viki, and Wayne. And thanks, Steve, for enduring my frequent visits to your office—I will miss them dearly. I also wish to thank my family for their encouragement, support and forbearance. To my parents, Nico and Hettie, thank you for providing me with a foundation in life unmatched by any other. To our extended family in South Africa, thanks for your love and patience. To pastor Rich Hamstra and the other members of OCRC, thank you for being our surrogate family during our stay in the USA. Finally, I thank my sons, Nicolas and Conrad, who are hving proof that human flgure modeling is best accomplished through reproduction, my wife and partner in life, Ronél, for making it so pleasurable, and the Lord God for making it all possible. ill Vita 25 September 1961 .......................Bom in Pretoria, South Africa 1983 ...............................................B.Sc. (Mathematical Sciences) Rand Afrikaans University, South Africa 1984 ................................................B.Sc.-Hons. (Computer Science) (Cum Laude) Rand Afrikaans University, South Africa 1988 ...............................................M.Sc. (Computer Science) (Cum Laude) Rand Afrikaans University, South Africa 1991 ...............................................M.S. (Computer and Information Science) The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio Publications F Scheepers, SF May, RE Parent, & WE Carlson. “A procedural approach to modeling and animating the skeletal support of the upper limb”, Tech. Rep. OSU-ACCAD-1 /96-TRl, ACCAD, The Ohio State University, January 1996, 36pp. AW Pabth, F Scheepers, & SF May. “A survey of extended graphics libraries”. In Graphics Gems V, AW Paeth, Ed. AP Professional, Boston, MA, 1995, 400-406. SE Lukas, M Sholar, DL Stredney, MW Torbllo, SF May, & F Scheep­ ers. “Integration of P300 evoked potentials with magnetic resonance images (MRI) to identify dipole sources in the human brain”, Society of Neuroscience, Annual Meeting, November 7-12, 1993, Washington, D. C. SE Lukas, M Sholar, DL Stredney, MW Torello, SF May, & F Scheep­ ers. “Apparent source of EEC sleep spindles and K-complexes: Correlations with anatomical sites identified using magnetic resonance imaging”. Sleep Research So­ ciety and American Sleep Disorders Association APSS, 8th Annual Meeting, June 4-9, 1994, Boston MA. IV AK Cooper & OF Scheepers. “Classification of digital geographical informa­ tion”, Tech. Rep. CACDS CSIR PKOMP 89/9, Pretoria, May 1989, 13pp. CF Scheepers. “Vector-based computer graphics in automated map compilation”. In Proceedings: Auto Carta 9, 1989, 724-734. CF Scheepers. “Animation in dynamic/motion graphics”. In. Proceedings: Com­ puter Graphics SA ’88, A4: Graphics Techniques, 26-40. CF Scheepers. “Computer-Assisted Map Symbolism”. In Proceedings: 1988 ACSM-ASPRS Annual Conference, 2: Cartography, 47-56. CF Scheepers. “’n Vektorbenadering tot grafiese voorstelling in rekenaar-onder- steunde kartografie”. (A vector approach to graphiccd representation in computer- assisted cartography). M.Sc.Thesis in Afrikaans, Rand Afrikaans University, Jo­ hannesburg, SA. (SORB WNNR TWISK 571, Pretoria, November 1987, 168pp.) CF Scheepers. “Vector graphics in a cartographic environment”. Tech. Rep. NRIMS CSIR TWISK 556, Pretoria, September 1987, 20pp. CF Scheepers. “Polygon Shading on Vector Type Devices”, Qucestiones Infor­ matics, 5:2, 1987, 46-55. CF Scheepers. “Placing follow symbols”, NRIMS CSIR Internal Report 1765, Pretoria, June 1987, 11pp. CF Scheepers, WR van Biljon, & AK Cooper. “Guidelines to set up a classification for geographical information”, NRIMS CSIR Internal Report 1723, Pretoria, September 1986, 12pp. TA JoBSON & CF Scheepers. “Screen management: A proposal and specifica­ tion” , NRIMS CSIR Internal Report 1719, Pretoria, September 1986, 17pp. CF Scheepers. “Graphical communication and symbolism in a computerized cartography and map compilation system”. In Proceedings: First Computer Sci­ ence Research Students Conference, B Bradshaw & K Wrench, Eds., Dept, of Computer Science, Rhodes University, August 1986, 133-154. TA JoBSON, MH VAN Rooybn, CD Rbyneke, WR van Biljon, & CF Scheep­ ers. “The Kandelaar geographic information and map compilation system: Func­ tional description”, NRIMS CSIR Concept Report, Pretoria, August 1986, 59pp. CF Scheepers. “Veelhoekskakering in vektorgrafika”. (Internai Report in Afri­ kaans: Polygon shading in vector graphics). WNNR NNWW Interne Verslag 1679, Pretoria, April 1986, 37pp. CF Scheepers & WR van Biljon. “Symbology: Formal specifications and im­ plementation strategy”, NRIMS CSIR Internal Report 1643, Pretoria, August 1985, 31pp. Fields of Study- Major Field: Computer and Information Science Studies in: Computer Graphics Dr. Richard E. Parent Software Engineering Dr. Bruce W. Weide Parallel and Distributed Systems Dr. Ponnuswamy Sadayappan VI

42 Operation of the simple muscle model with and without tendons reality [189] with its applications in prototyping, training, ergonomics, .. attach to adjacent bones) and multi-joint muscles {i.e., muscles that attach to non- Plane Joints: A plane joint allows slight or moderate translational an
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